Re: international pitch nomenclature

Subject: Re: international pitch nomenclature
From: Richard Zvonar (
Date: Fri Jul 23 2004 - 12:09:00 EDT

At 12:37 AM -0600 7/23/04, Paul Steenhuisen wrote:

>anyone who reads a manual for their MIDI devices will know of C3 as Middle C.
>in my experience, academically and otherwise, this is more prevalent
>than that of the american musicological society's C4 as Middle C.

As far as I can determine, the use of C3 was originated by Yamaha in
1983 and propagated by Mark of the Unicorn in 1985. However, it is
not universal among manufacturers (Roland uses C4).

The original MIDI specification did not use any such nomenclature.

Most academic literature seems to accept C4.

For my part I choose to consider C3 "wrong" and suitable only for
those who think keyboard have 61 notes.


______________________________________________________________ Richard Zvonar, PhD (818) 788-2202

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